National Insurance is due on earnings for employees and self-employed workers. There are different Classes of National Insurance applicable to different income types.
Applies to anyone aged 16 or over and under state pension age:-
|Self Employed individual||2018/19||2017/18|
|Class 2 Flat Rate (per week)||£2.95||£2.85|
|Class 4 @ 9% on profits between||£8,424 – £46,350||£8,164 – £45,000|
|Class 4 @ 2% on profits in excess of||£46,350||£45,000|
- Class 2 and Class 4 National Insurance is collected as part of the self-assessment tax liability.
- Class 2 National Insurance stops when a person reaches State Pension age.
- Class 2 National Insurance is due when self-employed profits exceed £6,205 per year (£6,025 in 2017/18)
- Class 4 National Insurance liability ceases from the start of the tax year after the one in which the person reaches State Pension age.
|No NI on earnings up to (per week)||£162*||£157*|
|At 12% on earnings between (per week)||£162 – £892||£157 – 866|
|At 2% on earnings in excess of (per week)||£892||£866|
- *Entitlement to state pension and other contribution based benefits is retained for earnings between £116 and £162 per week. (£113 and £157 per week 2017/18)
|Employer NI is due at 13.8% on employee earnings in excess of||£162||£157|
- Employment Allowance available to cover first £3,000 of Employer National Insurance contributions due (From 6 April 2016, no Employment Allowance is available to an employer whose only employee is a director.)
- Employer National Insurance is not due for Employees aged 21 or under.
- From 6 April 2016, no Employer NI due for employees who are apprentices and aged under 25 up to the upper secondary threshold of £892 per week.
- Class 3 National Insurance can be paid on a voluntary basis to fill gaps in a person’s National Insurance record in order to qualify for full State Pension.